A flu-like illness caused by one of four closely related strains of the dengue virus, which is primarily transmitted by female Aedes Egyptian mosquitoes, usually in more northern areas. Can withstand temperature. Humans cannot infect each other, but they can infect mosquitoes, which transmit the virus to both human-biting victims. Medical scientists have done too many Ultimate investigation on dengue fever and Treatment. In this article, we are going to describe about Dengue fever causes symptoms treatment and precaution.
Dengue is a mosquito-borne disease that affects about 100 to 400 million people every year. The virus that causes dengue is called dengue virus; And it is found in regions of Asia and Latin America. Dengue fever is caused by one of the four serotypes DENVs 1-4 of the dengue virus and is transmitted to humans by the Aedes mosquito. In dengue fever, the platelet count decreases because the blood cells are infected with the virus, which damages the platelets because it suppresses the bone marrow (the site of platelet production).
Mosquitoes are the carriers of this disease. Female mosquitoes require blood to lay eggs, which they supply by biting humans. While biting, the female mosquito produces saliva that does not allow blood to coagulate, and in the process, she obtains the blood needed for her eggs. If the saliva contains the dengue virus, the person will develop dengue fever. In addition, the disease can spread from mother to child at the time of delivery and during blood transfusion. When a mosquito infected with the dengue virus bites, the virus enters the bloodstream and produces more virus. The virus disrupts the blood clot-forming system that structures blood vessels and can cause internal bleeding that can be life-threatening. It can be dangerous, but it happens in the case of severe dengue hemorrhage.
Symptoms of dengue fever
Dengue is life-threatening in very few patients, while in most people it is just a flu-like condition that clears up on its own within a few days.
- High fever (104°F/40°C)
- Severe pain behind eyes
- Nausea or vomiting
- Severe pain in muscles, bones, joints or any part of the body
- Red spots on the body (rash)
Dengue symptoms may appear four to ten days after a mosquito bite and may last three to seven days.
Severe dengue (dengue hemorrhagic fever)
The most serious form of dengue is dengue hemorrhagic fever, which is a worsening of the symptoms of severe dengue fever.
Warning signs of severe dengue usually appear 24 to 48 hours after the fever subsides.
- Stomach or stomach pain
- Frequent vomiting
- Bleeding in the stool
- Bleeding from the nose, gums or any part of the body
- Irritability, extreme tiredness or restlessness
Causes of dengue fever
In case of presence of the symptoms mentioned above, the doctor may suggest the following tests:
Nucleic acid amplification test: This test is done 7 days or less after symptoms appear and shows the presence of genetic material of the virus in a person’s serum. . Serological Tests: This is done 7 days after symptoms appear. These tests detect the presence of antibodies against the virus in the blood. IgA is formed after 5 days of infection while I mg is formed after 2 to 4 weeks. After doing both the tests, the doctor’s diagnosis is undoubtedly dengue.
There is no clear cure for this disease, so doctors prescribe medicines to reduce the symptoms. In case of minor symptoms, simple painkillers such as Panadol are also effective. Moreover, aspirin should not be used in case of this disease because it increases the chances of bleeding. In case of severe symptoms, hospitalization and blood transfusion or fluids are given through an IV line. Protection against dengue fever: To avoid this dangerous dengue fever suffering, we have to avoid female mosquitoes as is possible by two ways.
One is to control the mosquito population in your local area and the other is to get vaccinated. The vaccine for this disease (called Denguexia) is administered 3 times a year, but its effectiveness is not complete. So the best strategy is to take the following measures: Use mosquito repellent lotion and also must wear the clothing that cover the whole body. Seal holes and other openings in the doors of your homes . Drop standing water somewhere in the house If you suspect that you or a loved one is suffering from this disease.
In such a case, immediately reach the nearest hospital.
How to control the symptoms of dengue fever
Keep yourself hydrated by drinking water, fresh juices (if not diabetic)
Instead of extracting the juice of papaya leaves, make coffee of one leaf or blend the leaves in a cup of water.
Diabetics should use lemon water with pink salt/Himalayan salt.
Get plenty of rest
Avoid using medicines like aspirin or ibuprofen as this can increase the risk of internal bleeding.
Few important facts about dengue
After the increase in the number of dengue cases, there is a lot of concern among the public. Whenever one of your loved ones is diagnosed with dengue, instead of panicking, keep a few points in mind that the number of platelets in the first three to four days of onset. It continues to decrease and after at least four to seven days, the number starts increasing again.
If the HCT range is within the normal range of 40-50 on a CBC test with platelets, a low platelet count is less of a concern as it indicates normal hydration.
After platelets increase, they may decrease again, and then start to increase again.
If the patient’s condition is slightly better, do CBC every day or two instead of daily.
If the patient does not feel hungry, avoid force feeding because some patients lose their appetite completely, in such a case, consult the doctor so that he can evaluate the situation for applying a drip.
Eat soft food, use boxed curd, rice, khichdi, yogurt more (Blood pressure patients should consult a regular doctor).
Avoid shaving and using a hard toothbrush to minimize the risk of bleeding.
If the fever persists for more than 24 hours, get checked by a qualified doctor or hospital instead of a street doctor because nothing is more important than your life.